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Concussions in Youth Athletes - Virginia


The Virginia law can be found at section 22.1-271.5 and section 22.1-271.6 of the Virginia Code, under the title dealing with education and the chapter dealing with pupils and article pertaining to health provisions. (Va. Code Ann. §22.1-271.5 and §22.1-271.6).

Virginia law requires that the Board of Education develop and distribute guidelines and policies on concussion to each school division. Each school division must develop policies and procedures for the handling of suspected concussions in student athletes. To be eligible to participate in an extracurricular physical activity, the student athlete and the student athlete’s parent/guardian must annually review concussion information and both must sign an acknowledgement form. Any student suspected of sustaining a concussion must be removed from the activity at that time and may not return to play the same day and until evaluated by a licensed health care provider and given written clearance. The law defines a non-interscholastic youth sports program as a program organized for competition or recreational athletic instruction for youth. A non-interscholastic youth program utilizing public school property is required to establish policies and procedures for identifying and managing concussions consistent with those protocols above or follow the guidelines established by the Board of Education.

Section 22.1-271.6 requires the Board of Education to amend its guidelines related to concussions in student athletes to include a “Return to Learn Protocol” and is titled School Division Policies and Procedures on Concussions in Student-Athletes.

Sections 22.1-271.5 and 22.1-271.6 are available online at:


The following websites offer additional information regarding Virginia concussion law: