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 > Little League Online > Learn More > Programs > Child Protection Program > Concussions in Youth Athletes > Concussions in Youth Athletes - New Jersey

Concussions in Youth Athletes - New Jersey

New Jersey

Governor Christie signed AB 2743 into law on December 7, 2010. The law went into effect at the start of the 2011-2012 school year. This law can be found at sections 18A:40-41.1 through 18A:40-41.5 of the New Jersey Code, and is found in the title dealing with education and the chapter on promotion of health and prevention of disease. (N.J. Stat. Ann. §§ 18A:40-41.1 through 18A:40-41.7) and is entitled the Scholastic Student-Athlete Safety Act.

The law applies to school districts or nonpublic schools that participate in an interscholastic sports or cheerleading program and requires that the Department of Education develop and implement an interscholastic head injury prevention program to be completed by coaches and trainers involved in interscholastic sports programs as well as to develop fact sheets on concussions which must be distributed annually to the parents of athletes and which must be signed prior to an athlete’s participation that year. Each school district is required to develop written policies on concussions as well. Any student suspected of sustaining a concussion must be immediately removed and may not return until evaluated by a health care professional and given written clearance. The law does not define student athlete. A school district or nonpublic school is immune from liability involving a youth sports team organization that operates on school ground provided that the organization provide proof of insurance policy of an amount not less than $50,000.00 per person and a statement of compliance with district’s concussion management policies. Youth sports team organization is defined as one of more sports team organized pursuant to a nonprofit or similar charter or which are member teams in a league organized by or affiliated with a county or municipal recreation department. Any student participating in intramural or interscholastic athletics shall be required to undergo a pre-participation examination using a pre-participation physical evaluation form, which seeks disclosure of medical issues encountered since the prior pre-participation examine including whether the student has sustained a concussion or been unconscious or lost memory from a blow to the head. Although not specifically a part of the Scholastic Student-Athlete Safety Act, Title 45 Professions and Occupations requires athletic trainers to undergo a specific number of credit hours of training with respect to concussions and head injuries as determined by the State Board of Medical Examiners in conjunction with biennial license renewals (§45:9-37.48a).

The text of the New Jersey statutes for sections 18A:40-41.1 through 18A:40-41.7 and 45:9-37.48a of the New Jersey Code can be viewed online at:

http://lis.njleg.state.nj.us/cgi-bin/om_isapi.dll?clientID=144597&Depth=2&depth=2&expandheadings=on&headingswithhits=on&hitsperheading=on&infobase=statutes.nfo&record={84AF}&softpage=Doc_Frame_PG42 (use the yellow arrow buttons at the top to view 18A:40-41.1 and 18A:40-41.7.

On January 30, 2012 Senate Bill 1228 was introduced and referred to the Education Committee, but has not been passed. The proposed legislation would amend the existing law to allow any licensed healthcare provider trained in evaluation and management of concussions to provide written return to play clearance for student-athlete who has sustained a head injury. There has been no further action taken on SB 1228 since it was referred to committee.

The text of the Senate Bill 1228 can be viewed online at: