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 > Little League Online > Learn More > Programs > Child Protection Program > Concussions in Youth Athletes

Concussions in Youth Athletes

Fifty (50) states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws which address concussions and protect the health and safety of young athletes. Little League Baseball Incorporated (LLB) has compiled a summary of all currently existing state laws regarding concussions in youth athletes.

Some laws are only applicable to school-sponsored athletics or to activities taking place on school-owned property. Some laws are applicable to all youth sports organizations, whether affiliated or not with a school district. It is strongly recommended that local leagues consult with legal counsel in its jurisdiction to determine the applicability of state laws regarding concussions to its program.

In keeping with its focus on protecting the health, safety and welfare of children, LLB strongly encourages all leagues and teams to comply with any applicable laws and to review the information and training materials on concussions which are available free of charge on the Centers For Disease Control website at:


More information on how to review an individual state’s concussion law can be found by clicking the particular state link below.

The information that follows is current up to and including December 23, 2014.

1) As of December 23, 2014, all states have some form of concussion law; however, there is no federal concussion law.

2) As of December 23, 2014, the following forty (40) states and the District of Columbia have no legislation pending related to amending current concussion laws:

Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Colorado Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, West Virginia and Wisconsin

3) As of December 23, 2014, and since the last update in July 2014, seven (7) states and the District of Columbia have amended or revised their existing statutes:

California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Illinois, Maryland, Nebraska, Rhode Island and Wyoming

4) As of December 23, 2014, the following nine (9) states with existing concussion statutes have pending legislation:

Arizona, Hawaii, Maryland, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Virginia and Wyoming